Wednesday, November 2, 2011

Major Policy Issues in TVET in Africa

A number of African nations have adopted Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) reforms since the 1990s. This has resulted in the formulation of TVET policies.
These policies have sought to address the socio-economic challenges faced by various nations. One major concern of policy makers is to ensure a TVET system that is relevant and accessible while addressing issues of quality. Policy makers are aware of the critical role that TVET can play in national development. The increasing importance that African governments now attach to TVET is reflected in the various Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers, National Development Plans and Vision Papers that governments have developed and are developing.

This paper seeks to:
  • Share knowledge on TVET policies in selected African nations
  • Identify the major policy issues in TVET in Africa
  • Assess the relevance of TVET policies in achieving poverty reduction
This paper seeks to address the major policy issues in TVET in Africa that are faced by policy makers and practitioners. This is done by doing a study of major policy discussions in TVET Conferences such as Bureau of the Conference of Ministers of Education of the African Union, Commonwealth Association of Polytechnics in Africa (CAPA), International Vocational Education and Training Association (IVETA), Southern African Development Community (SADC) and UNESCO-UNEVOC Conferences. An analysis of TVET policies in Botswana, Kenya, Malawi and Zambia is also done. Also addressed is the current status of TVET in Africa. These include issues of gender, harmonisation of TVET programmes and qualifications, linkage of TVET to the labour market among many others. Also proposed is the importance of partnerships among various stakeholders in TVET policy formulation and implementation.

Key words: Poverty reduction, TVET, Policy, Policy framework.

(This paper was presented at the International Vocational Education and Training Association (IVETA) Conference held in Livingstone in August 2008).

The full paper can be downloaded at:

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